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Accessibility and air quality

Clean and less road traffic from, to and at Schiphol

Schiphol strives to improve the accessibility of the airport. The accessibility of an airport is an important selection criterion for passengers, following the available destinations and the ticket price. Accessibility is also crucial for companies, suppliers and employees.

We encourage the use of public transport and own transport and discourage people being dropped off and picked up by car. Schiphol workers are also encouraged to use public transport. The New Style of Working also results in less commuting: more and more employees can work from home one or more days per week.

The accessibility by road has improved as a result of the widening of motorway A2 between the junctions Holendrecht and Maarssen from two to five lanes. This has improved the traffic flow on this, from the standpoint of Schiphol, important main road. In addition, the peak-hour lanes on motorways A1, A4 and A9 (Badhoevedorp) have been opened as well as a third lane on the A4 near Leiden. These adjustments have reduced traffic congestion.

Although the proportion of travellers that comes to Schiphol by public transport decreased slightly in 2012, it remains high: 38.2% travelled to Schiphol by train or bus. One of the reasons for this decrease may be the fact that the train traffic to and from Schiphol was repeatedly disrupted as a result of fire alerts in the Schiphol tunnel and signal failures on routes to and from the airport. Passengers are, nevertheless, still satisfied with the rail product: 88% is positive about the number of connections to Schiphol, 87% is satisfied with respect to arriving in time for the flight.

Mode of transport

 

2012

%

2011

%

Public transport

38.2

40.1

Dropped off by car

28

27.5

Car parked

13.1

12.2

Taxi

9.9

10.2

Collective transport

7.7

6.6

Other

3.1

3.4

Sustainable mobility

The battery exchange station of electric transport company Better Place was opened in September. This station is used by the electric taxis of the companies Connexxion, BIOS-group and TCA, which have already replaced part of their fleet with electric vehicles. As of June 2013, the Taxi Control Foundation (stichting TaxiControle) shall apply a differentiated usage fee. The fee for vehicles with, for example, a Euronorm 5 or a hybrid engine shall remain the same. The fee for vehicles that do not use this technique shall be increased.

The number of charging stations at parking lots and in parking garages was expanded in 2012. We ensure that the number of charging stations at the parking areas keeps pace with the growth in the number of electric cars in the Netherlands. For tenants of buildings and land at Schiphol, this facility will be provided as requested.

Part of the own car fleet was replaced: we now have sixteen cars that have a biogas certificate and are fuelled by natural gas and three electric cars. In October 2012, the decision was made to purchase 35 electric buses for the transport of passengers on the platforms. The tender process for this investment has begun. We expect to be able to use these buses in 2014. Increasingly, electric vehicles are being used on the platforms for the handling of the aircraft. In 2012, KLM carried out a pilot test with two electric aircraft tow trucks. Part of the equipment for the loading and unloading of baggage has also been electrified.

We have gained experience with vehicles running on 100% biodiesel. The tests that we carried out together with KLM with second generation biodiesel, made from waste oils and fats, were completed positively in 2012. Nevertheless, we are reluctant about the introduction. The high costs and the risk that the warranty on the engines will no longer apply if blends over 5% are used, are not compensated by the emission benefits.

Electric cars were purchased for the technical department at Rotterdam The Hague Airport. Lelystad Airport installed a charging station for electric vehicles in 2012.

Dilemma: discourage or promote picking up and dropping off?

There are different possibilities to travel to Schiphol. Passengers can take the car and park at Schiphol or use public transport. Another possibility is that passengers are dropped off and picked up by car. We discourage that option, because it leads to two extra transport movements, while the roads around Schiphol are busy. For commercial reasons, however, we have run campaigns during the summers of 2010, 2011 and 2012 in which we encouraged passengers to be dropped off or picked up. We have now decided that these types of promotion actions will no longer be carried out.